Below, we will provide you with a diagram of the guitar development throughout centuries. Anyway, you should bear in mind that it is very hard to provide accurate information about its origins. This is because there is no proof that could act as true data, although we should take into account that there is lot of evidence accounting for the existence of the guitar since Antiquity.
1400 BC. Hittites build a string instrument similar to lyre. Its sound is created from a resonance box where the sound of strings bounces. This instrument was called "sit?r" in India (the later name "guitar" comes from it). Once introduced in Greece, this instrument will be called "cítara".
700 B.C. Antique Egyptian peoples used a guitar similar to the one we currently know, although its sides are more curved. On Classical Greece, the citara was an instrument acting as basis for the entire musical culture. This culture expanded, until it entered into European roots. The citara began to be used together with a neck allowing to handle the instrument more easily.
1200 B.C. Four-string guitar evolves and takes two different shapes: the Moorish guitar, with a round bottom, a wide neck and some incisions on its lid, letting the sound come out and the Latin guitar, similar to the modern guitar. It has only one soundhole and quite a narrow neck.
Fifteenth century. The vihuela appears, to which double strings are inserted. It is a string instrument having log neck, six string pairs and several frets. It became the favorite instrument for Spanish and Portuguese Parliaments and, as time went by, it became increasingly popular.
Seventeenth century. Guitar becomes a very used instrument in the entire Iberian Peninsula. Its development made it become a coupling of bars and harmonic lid, whose sound was increasingly tuned. The wood used was thinner, providing a better distributed resonance. A reinforced neck and metal tuning pegs began to be used, giving origin to the current classic guitar.
Nineteenth century. The guitar kept transforming itself and fine tuning its sound. The neck used widened, allowing the resonance box to become bigger. Several expert luthiers added four strings more to the low notes and they significantly widened the range of possible sounds.
The more important names are Agustin Caro, Manuel Gonzalez, Antonio de Lorca, Manuel Guiterrez, Rene Lacote, Johann Staufer and some others European luthiers.
Twentieth century. The musician NarcisoYepes plays in Berlin for the first time with a ten-string guitar. From then on, the guitar became a main instrument on Western concerts.
This guitar brief historic development will allow you to get familiar with the changes this instrument underwent throughout the centuries. In this way, you will be able to broad your vision about the guitar, and thus compare the different models with a more refined idea. The panoramic view given by historic knowledge does not have only theoretical but also practical purposes. That is to say, the more you know about the guitar and its evolution, the better and more appropriate your choice will be when getting one.
Check our friends' websites